When is Muharram 2020
Muharram 2020 will stamp the beginning of New Islamic Year 1442 Hijri. The normal Gregorian Date of first Muharram 2020 is Thursday, August 20, 2020 or Friday August 21, 2020 relying upon your area and locating of Moon of Muharram 1442.
Also see-Laylat ul Qadr 2020 - 27th Ramadan 1441
Muharram isn't just the first month of Islamic Calendar which denotes the New Islamic Year yet additionally one of the four purified a very long time of the year. As Allah Says in Quran:
"Without a doubt, the quantity of months with Allah is twelve [lunar] months in the register of Allah [from] the day He made the sky and the earth; of these, four are consecrated."
The four months referenced in the Ayah are Dhul-Qadah, Dhul-Hijjah, Muharram and Rajab. This is obvious from the expressions of Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) on the event of his last Hajj Sermon:
"The year is of a year, out of which four months are hallowed: Three are in progression Dhul-Qadah, Dhul-Hijjah and Muharram, and (the fourth is) Rajab."
These expressions of our Prophet (S.A.W.) affirms the sacredness of the long stretch of Muharram.
The particular notice of these four months doesn't imply that other Islamic months have no holiness; truth be told, each Islamic month has its own holiness and we as a whole realize that Ramadan is as a matter of fact the most purified month in the year. However, Allah Almighty possesses picked a specific energy for His extraordinary endowments and these four months are among those specific time where a Muslim can get limit of Allah's favors.
The word 'Muharram' in its strict sense implies illegal. Like the other hallowed months, taking up arms or enjoying any sort of viciousness during this month is illegal.
History of Hijri Calendar
Before the Hijri schedule came into utilization, Muslims utilized 'Am Al-Fil' (the year wherein the Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W.) was conceived), to differentiate date and time. However, second Caliph Umar ibn Khattab (R.A.) set up new schedule and, after numerous recommendations from Companions (R.A.), he declared that the year wherein the Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W.) relocated would check the start of the Hijri schedule. The schedule would start with the long stretch of Muharram and end with the period of Dhul Hijjah. Therefore, 622 AD [the year of the Prophet's (S.A.W.) migration] turned into the main year in the Hijri Calendar.
By the period of Muhammad, there was at that point an Arabian lunar schedule, with named months. In like manner, the long stretches of its schedule utilized regular names instead of numbers: for instance, the time of the introduction of Muhammad and of Ammar ibn Yasir (570 CE) was known as the "Time of the Elephant".The first year of the Hijra (622-23 CE) was named the "Authorization to Travel" in this schedule.
Fasting during Muharram
Muharram holds extraordinary centrality well before the Prophet Mohammad's (S.A.W.) time. Prior on, it was mandatory to quick on the tenth of Muharram. Anyway later, fasting was made compulsory in Ramadan just and fasting on tenth Muharram was made discretionary. As described by Ayesha (R.A.) that Prophet (S.A.W.) stated:
"Whoever wishes to quick (upon the arrival of 'Ashura') may do as such; and whoever wishes to leave it can do as such."
In any case, recall one thing that fasts during the long stretch of Muharram are the most rewardable ones among the discretionary (Nafil) fasts in the light of following Hadith:
'The Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) stated: "The best fasting after the long stretch of Ramadan is the period of Allah, Al-Muharram."'
The hadith doesn't imply that the honor of Muharram's fasts can be accomplished uniquely by fasting the entire month. In actuality, each quick during this month has its own benefits. Subsequently, one should profit this chance and quick as much as possible during this favored month.
Check out-Eid ul Fitr 2020
10 Muharram (Ashura)
Ashura is the tenth day of Muharram and is the most holy day among every one of its days. At the point when the Prophet (S.A.W.) came to Madinah, he fasted upon the arrival of Ashura and guided the Muslims to keep quick on this day. In any case, when the fasts of Ramadan were made required, the fasting on this day was made discretionary. In any case, as indicated by numerous real Hadiths, fasting upon the arrival of Ashura is an affirmed Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.).
The Companions (R.A.) saw that Jews likewise consider tenth Muharram as extraordinary day and they keep quick on this day. So Prophet (S.A.W.) declared that from one year from now, they will quick on the ninth of Muharram too to separate themselves from the Jews. Tragically, Prophet (S.A.W.) didn't live to see the following year. Hence, Muslims consider the ninth and tenth of Muharram as critical days in the Islamic schedule and watch quick on nowadays.
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Odd notion and Misconceptions about Muharram
Albeit numerous Muslims know about the advancements in Islam, there are a few notions and misguided judgments about the long stretch of Muharram and the day of Ashura that have figured out how to discover their way into the psyches of certain Muslims. Some basic misguided judgments and odd notions are:
About the long stretch of Muharram
1-Unfortunately, numerous Muslims despite everything trust Muharram is a malicious or unfortunate month because of the episode of Karbala. We realize that it was an appalling occasion however recall one thing that as per Sahih Muslim: 1163 (an) and Tirmidhi: 438, this is Allah's month. How Allah's own month can be underhanded and unfortunate for His workers. Despite what might be expected, it is one of the benefits of Husain (R.A.) that his suffering occurred upon the arrival of Ahsura.
2-Similarly, because of a similar reality, numerous Muslims don't get hitched (Nikkah) during this month which is, once more, absolutely off-base and misleading.
About the Day of Ashura
- Prophet Adam (A.S.) was made by Allah on this day.
- Prophet Ibrahim (A.S.) was conceived on tenth of Muharram.
- Prophet Adam's (A.S.) atonement was acknowledged by Allah on this day.
- Day of Judgment will happen on Friday, tenth of Muharram.
- Whoever washes up on tenth of Muharram will never get sick.
- One who places kohl in his eyes on this day won't experience the ill effects of any eye ailment.
- Some individuals state that it is Sunnah to set up a specific sort of dinner on this specific day and afterward appropriate it.
Nothing has been accounted for in any Saheeh Hadith from the Prophet (S.A.W.) or from his Companions (R.A.) about any of the previously mentioned episodes. Indeed, none of the four Imams supported or suggested such things. Not so much as a solitary dependable Islamic Scholars have described anything like this. So all these are simply legends and nothing to do with Islam or Shariah. So every one of these things ought to be abstained from during Muharram and ought not be trailed by any Muslim.
Muharram is a significant and sacred month for each Muslim and with the entirety of its unpredictability, it will consistently be a month of profound reflection for Muslims over the world.
Like the normal New Year, one should make goals toward the beginning of the Islamic New Year to develop oneself as a superior Muslim. You can set little objectives for yourself to improve as an individual and in addition a superior Muslim. These objectives can be both profound and social. You can reinforce your relationship with Allah through standard Dhikr and Duas and helping other people individual Muslims. Also, Allah compensates each great deed.